The Use of Negative Reinforcement by Dr. Roger Mugford
I'm amazed at the naivety of trainers claiming to only use positive, reward-
Withholding reward can be unpleasant, just as cessation of pain is a negative reinforcement. Punishment is not just associated with aversive stimuli and nor is reward just about gentle words, touch or titbits.
I can't imagine achieving practical outcomes of behaviour modification in the timeframe demanded by clients and society using only reward-
One extreme might be a dog that has chased and killed sheep, where a well-
A less serious dog behaviour is jumping up. Yes, we can clicker train the dog to present an alternative behaviour such as to sit, but unfortunately, ‘transfer' from owner at home to real-
I have employed the hiss sound of inert gas release in dog training for over twenty years, initially to deal with unwanted barking (although not distressed or separation-
Similarly, we have a high success rate with radio-
The intelligent dog trainer must be careful and sensitive in his choice and timing of rewards and punishments. Both can produce positive outcomes or can inflict harm. Do you have childhood memories of touching a hot stove or naked flame? This was very effective aversive-
Dr Roger Mugford is a leading animal psychologist, media personality and expert witness in animal-
This article has been reproduced with the kind permission of Dr. Roger Mugford.
"I can't imagine achieving practical outcomes of behaviour modification in the timeframe demanded by clients and society using only reward-